A military doctor of the Napoleonic era, Jean-Galbert based his drawings on dissections of killed soldiers. However there was some method to his madness. For this study of the “Borghese Gladiator” an ancient Greek statue, he arranged his cadavers in the same pose as the sculpture and meticulously worked out the skeletal and muscular anatomy. Working this way gave him the ability to create very accurate anatomical studies and yet his work would still be regarded as fine art.
You can find his and similar works in “The Quick and the Dead: Artists and Anatomy” available to buy on Amazon.